Federal Requirements for Open Access

In 2013, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) released a memo which mandated that any federal agency distributing $100 million or more in research grants annually must create a plan to make the products of that research openly accessible. This includes peer reviewed journal articles and conference papers, the same publications that are covered by the Georgia Tech Open Access Policy.

Here is a handy spreadsheet and an FAQ document, created and curated by research librarians from all over the country to help keep track of requirement plans.

The Georgia Tech Library has more information on the federal plans here: http://libguides.gatech.edu/federal_policy_portal

Here are links to agencies that to date have released their Public Access Plans:

  • Agency policy link: http://publicaccess.nih.gov/
  • The NIH has had a public access policy in place since well before the OSTP memo. Research papers are posted in PubMed Central, allowing for a one-year embargo.
Department of Health and Human Services:
  • AHRQ, ASPR, CDC, and FDA have joined NIH in requiring research papers and research data to be made publicly available.
  • AHRQ: Agency policy link:http://www.ahrq.gov/funding/policies/publicaccess/index.html
  • Effective February 2015, all research papers must be submitted to PubMed Central. Effective October 2015, all research data must be preserved; details to come.
  • Agency policy link: http://www.fda.gov/downloads/ScienceResearch/AboutScienceResearchatFDA/UCM435418.pdf
  • Effective October 2015, all publications must be submitted to PubMed Central, and research data must also be preserved. Details to come.
Department of Defense (DoD):
  • Agency Policy Link
  • Effective estimate FY2015, all publications must be submitted to DTIC, and datasets must be preserved in a public repository; details to come.
NSF (National Science Foundation):
  • Agency Policy Link: http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/2015/nsf15052/nsf15052.pdf
  • Effective January 26, 2016, all publications resulting from grants submitted on or after that date must be submitted via the research.gov system. More information about the submission process can be found here.
  • NSF has created a beta version of their Public Access Repository for articles, available here: http://par.nsf.gov/. More details to come.
  • Research data must be preserved; all grants must have a Data Management Plan.